Victoria Sandwich
Victoria Sandwich
5 from 4 votes
Embark on a delightful culinary journey with the classic Victoria Sandwich, a heart-warming British bake that's as rich in flavour as it is in history. Dive into a decadent layering of sponge, strawberry jam, and whipped cream that promises a truly regal treat.
Victoria Sandwich

There’s a certain joy in baking that I find in very few other activities, and there’s an even greater pleasure when the bake is a classic like the Victoria Sandwich.  

Known for its uncomplicated ingredients and straightforward method, this traditional British cake holds a unique place in the pantheon of timeless recipes. 

The Victoria Sandwich, named after Queen Victoria, made its first appearance during the mid-19th century. The Queen was known for her love of a ‘slice of sponge’ with her afternoon tea, and thus, the Victoria Sandwich was born.  

Unlike its name might suggest, it’s not a sandwich in the traditional sense but rather a glorious pairing of two sponge cakes with a jam and cream filling. 

The simplicity of the Victoria Sandwich belies the delight that it brings. This recipe has a difficulty level that I’d classify as medium. It’s not the most complicated bake, but it does require careful attention to details.  

Ensuring that the sponge is light and airy, the cream is whipped just right, and the layering is done with finesse are all elements that require a dash of patience and a dollop of love. 

The Victoria Sandwich represents quintessential British baking. It’s a reflection of the beautiful simplicity and subtlety that’s characteristic of traditional English desserts.  

Despite its royal roots, it’s loved by the masses and is a common feature at bake sales, picnics, and, of course, afternoon teas across the country. 

The beauty of the Victoria Sandwich lies in its versatility. It’s just as at home at a casual tea-time gathering as it is at a sophisticated brunch or a celebratory feast. A bite of this classic British bake can transport you to a sunny English afternoon, where the tea is flowing, and the company is delightful. 

Although the original Victoria Sandwich was made with raspberry jam, today it’s most commonly seen with strawberry jam, as it lends a beautiful colour and sweetness that complements the delicate sponge and cream.  

It’s an exquisite blend of textures and flavours that showcases the wonderful harmony of simplicity. 

In essence, the Victoria Sandwich is more than just a recipe – it’s a testament to the joy of baking. It’s about taking simple ingredients and transforming them into something truly special.  

As we journey together through this classic recipe, let’s honour the tradition, simplicity, and elegance that the Victoria Sandwich represents. 

I look forward to sharing with you the magic of creating your own Victoria Sandwich. It’s time to put on your apron, roll up your sleeves, and start the wonderful journey of baking this classic British treat. 

What Ingredients to Use & Why 

The charm of the Victoria Sandwich lies in its simplicity, which is brought to life by each of its carefully chosen ingredients.  

Each component adds a unique character to the final masterpiece, making it a delightful experience. Let’s delve into each ingredient to understand the crucial role it plays in this iconic recipe. 

Butter: Ah, butter, the heart and soul of any good sponge cake. Butter is a fantastic ingredient for adding richness and depth to the sponge. The creamy texture of the butter also plays a significant role in ensuring a moist, tender crumb.  

If you’re looking for alternatives, margarine can be used, but it’s the butter that truly gives the Victoria Sandwich its luscious taste. 

Caster Sugar: Caster sugar is our go-to sweetener for this recipe. It is finer than granulated sugar, thus dissolving quickly and evenly into the butter. This helps in creating an airy and light sponge. As for alternatives, you could try using granulated sugar, but the result may not be as tender and fluffy. 

Self-raising Flour: Self-raising flour is key to achieving that perfect rise and airy texture in your Victoria Sandwich sponge. It contains a leavening agent which helps the sponge to rise beautifully.  

If you’re out of self-raising flour, you can make your own by adding 2 teaspoons of baking powder for each 150g of plain flour. 

Eggs: Eggs are vital for providing structure and moisture to the sponge. They help bind all the ingredients together and give the cake its height and texture.  

If you’re looking for alternatives due to dietary restrictions, flax eggs or applesauce can be used, but keep in mind, the texture of the cake will be altered slightly. 

Baking Powder: Baking powder gives an additional lift to the sponge, ensuring that light, airy texture we’re aiming for. Without it, the cake might turn out denser than desired.  

There aren’t many suitable alternatives for baking powder, but in a pinch, you can use a half-and-half mix of cream of tartar and baking soda. 

Milk: Just a splash of milk works wonders in creating a smoother, creamier batter for our sponge, leading to a softer and more delicate crumb in the finished product. Dairy-free alternatives like almond or soy milk can be used if required. 

Strawberry Jam: The sweet, tangy strawberry jam adds a delightful contrast to the rich cream and light sponge. Traditionally, raspberry jam was used, and it can be a great alternative if you prefer a more tart filling. 

Double Cream: Double cream, whipped to soft peaks, provides a luxurious, velvety layer that complements the sponge and jam perfectly. If double cream isn’t available, you can substitute it with whipping cream. 

Vanilla Extract: This adds a hint of warm, sweet aroma that enhances the overall flavour of the cake. In case you don’t have vanilla extract, you can use vanilla essence, but the flavour might not be as rich and deep. 

Icing Sugar: Used for both sweetening the cream and dusting on top of the cake, icing sugar gives a sweet finish without making the cake overly sugary. You can replace it with powdered sugar if icing sugar isn’t available. 

The choice of ingredients for our Victoria Sandwich is not just about tradition, but about creating a delicate balance of flavours and textures. Each ingredient brings something special to the table, and their synergy gives life to this classic bake.  

Now that we have a deeper understanding of what each component does, we can appreciate even more the delightful complexity of our simple Victoria Sandwich. It’s a humble reminder that sometimes, simplicity truly is the ultimate sophistication. 

The Classic British Bake: Victoria Sandwich 

There’s a certain nostalgia that surrounds me when I bake a Victoria Sandwich. Often, I’m reminded of the rich heritage that this simple yet sophisticated cake carries within its delicate layers. 

The Victoria Sandwich holds the crown as a classic British bake due to its deep historical roots and its unwavering popularity. Named after Queen Victoria, who adored having a slice with her afternoon tea, the Victoria Sandwich rose to prominence during the mid-19th century.  

Imagine the elegant tea rooms and lush gardens of Victorian England, where the aroma of freshly baked sponge cake filled the air. That’s where our beloved Victoria Sandwich was born and has since made its way into the hearts of bakers and food lovers alike. 

The simplicity of the Victoria Sandwich is what makes it so beautifully British. Traditional English desserts are often about subtlety and elegance, and this recipe is no exception.  

Comprising two airy sponge cakes with a middle layer of jam and cream, it showcases a balanced harmony of textures and flavours that’s characteristic of British baking. 

Moreover, the Victoria Sandwich represents more than just a dessert – it’s a symbol of British culture. It’s a common sight at afternoon tea, a tradition deeply ingrained in the country’s lifestyle.  

Whether it’s a casual family gathering, a sophisticated tea party, or a grand celebration, the Victoria Sandwich finds its place. 

In essence, the Victoria Sandwich isn’t merely a recipe, it’s a tradition, a piece of history that continues to be cherished. When I take a bite, I’m not just tasting a cake, but a slice of heritage that’s as rich and delightful as the Victoria Sandwich itself. 

Ensuring a Light and Fluffy Sponge for Your Victoria Sandwich 

One of the unique charms of the Victoria Sandwich is its beautifully light and fluffy sponge. Getting that perfect texture can sometimes feel like a daunting task, but I’m here to share some tips that have helped me achieve that delightful airy crumb. 

Firstly, always start with room temperature ingredients. This is particularly crucial for the butter and eggs. Room temperature butter creams much easier, resulting in a fluffier batter. Similarly, room temperature eggs mix better with the batter, which aids in creating an airy sponge. 

Secondly, the creaming method is essential. When creaming the butter and sugar, don’t rush. Take your time to beat them together until the mixture is pale and increased in volume. This process incorporates air into the batter, which ultimately gives our sponge that light and airy texture. 

The eggs come next. Add them one at a time, ensuring each egg is well incorporated before adding the next. This helps maintain the emulsion, keeping the batter smooth and fluffy. 

When it comes to the flour, be gentle. Sift it in and fold gently into the batter to avoid knocking out the air you’ve worked so hard to incorporate. Adding a splash of milk can help keep the mixture from becoming too thick and will aid in achieving a tender crumb in the final bake. 

Finally, don’t forget the importance of accurate oven temperatures. A too hot oven can cause the cake to peak or crack, while a too cool oven can lead to a dense or undercooked sponge. 

So, there you have it. With patience, care, and a few helpful tips, that perfect light and fluffy sponge for your Victoria Sandwich is entirely achievable.  

Exploring Alternative Ingredients for Victoria Sandwich 

As an adventurous baker, I am always open to experimenting and tweaking traditional recipes, including the Victoria Sandwich. While the classic ingredients have their undeniable charm, exploring alternatives can be equally exciting and rewarding. 

Let’s start with the star of the show – the butter. If you’re looking for a lower fat alternative, margarine can be used, but remember, it may slightly affect the overall flavour and texture.  

Similarly, for those watching their sugar intake, using a natural sweetener like Stevia in place of caster sugar could be an option. 

Flour can also be switched up. If you don’t have self-raising flour, you can create your own by adding 2 teaspoons of baking powder for each 150g of plain flour. Similarly, if you’re catering to someone with gluten intolerance, gluten-free flour can be a life-saver. 

For egg-free diets, flax eggs or applesauce can replace the eggs, but it’s important to remember this may alter the cake’s texture somewhat. Dairy-free diets can be catered to by substituting the milk with almond milk or another non-dairy milk of your choice. 

The fillings offer a great opportunity to mix things up. While strawberry jam and double cream are traditional, why not try a tangy raspberry or blackberry jam? Or swap the double cream for mascarpone cream for an Italian twist? 

Remember, baking is as much about creativity as it is about precision. Don’t be afraid to mix things up and put your unique spin on your Victoria Sandwich. Who knows, you might just stumble upon your new favourite version! 

Proper Storage for Fresh Victoria Sandwich 

Every time I bake a Victoria Sandwich, I’m met with eager anticipation from my loved ones, and more often than not, there are only crumbs left on the plate. But on rare occasions when there are leftovers, proper storage is key to maintaining its freshness. 

For a Victoria Sandwich without any cream filling, a simple cake tin at room temperature will suffice. Make sure the tin is airtight to avoid the sponge drying out. Ideally, this cake should be enjoyed within 2-3 days for the best taste and texture. 

However, once you add cream to the equation, refrigeration becomes a necessity. The Victoria Sandwich with a cream filling should be stored in an airtight container in the fridge. The cool temperature helps preserve the freshness of the cream. Be sure to consume it within 2 days, as the cream may spoil if kept for too long. 

Before serving a refrigerated Victoria Sandwich, I always recommend allowing it to come to room temperature. This helps the sponge regain its original texture and ensures that the flavours are at their best. 

Remember, the joy of a Victoria Sandwich lies in its fresh, fluffy sponge and lush fillings. Proper storage ensures that every bite, even the last one, offers the same delightful experience as the first. 

Preparing Victoria Sandwich Ahead of Time and Freezing 

As a busy baker, I can attest to the advantages of having delicious treats like the Victoria Sandwich prepared in advance. With some careful planning, this iconic cake can be made ahead of time and even frozen to be enjoyed later. 

If you wish to bake the Victoria Sandwich ahead of time, I recommend preparing the sponge cakes and freezing them without the filling. Cool the cakes completely after baking and then wrap each one tightly in cling film.  

For added protection, I also like to place them in a zip-top bag. Properly stored, the sponge cakes can be frozen for up to 3 months. 

When you’re ready to serve your Victoria Sandwich, let the sponges thaw overnight in the refrigerator. Once they’re defrosted, you can proceed to prepare the fresh cream and jam filling.  

This ensures the freshness of the filling, and your guests will be none the wiser that your stunning Victoria Sandwich was made ahead of time! 

Remember, the freezing method isn’t just for those planning in advance. It’s also a great way to save any leftovers you might have. Just remember to separate the layers with parchment paper before freezing to prevent them from sticking together. 

Assembling a Perfect Victoria Sandwich 

The moment of assembling the Victoria Sandwich is one of my favourites. It’s like the final act of a play, the climactic finish that brings all the elements together. Here’s how I go about it. 

Start by selecting your bottom layer. Choose the sponge that’s flatter or has fewer crumbs. This will provide a stable base for the filling and the top layer. Spread your chosen jam across the surface of this sponge. I find that heating the jam slightly can make it easier to spread evenly. 

Next, whip up your cream filling. Be careful not to over-whip as it could become too thick and difficult to spread. Using a palette knife or spatula, spread the cream over the jam layer, leaving a little border around the edge to prevent spillage when the top layer is added. 

Now, it’s time to crown your cake with the second sponge layer. Place it gently over the cream, pressing slightly to secure it. Finally, a dusting of icing sugar on top can add a touch of elegance, but this is purely optional. 

Assembling a Victoria Sandwich is a simple process, but it demands a gentle hand and a patient heart. The reward, however, is a stunningly delicious cake that’s a testament to your efforts. 

How to Achieve a Fluffy and Moist Sponge for Your Victoria Sandwich 

The real secret behind a great Victoria Sandwich, in my opinion, lies in the texture of its sponge. Achieving a light, fluffy, and moist sponge can seem daunting, but with a few tips, it’s easier than you’d think. 

First and foremost, the creaming method is crucial. I always ensure that my butter is soft and at room temperature, which allows it to blend seamlessly with the sugar. This process of creaming together butter and sugar until it’s light and fluffy introduces air into the mix, making for a lighter sponge. 

Using large, fresh eggs is another tip. They should be added one at a time to prevent the mixture from curdling. If it does begin to separate, don’t panic! Simply add a spoonful of your self-raising flour and continue mixing. 

The flour should be sifted and then folded gently into the mixture. This helps keep the air in the mixture that we worked so hard to incorporate. Also, don’t forget to add the milk, as it helps create a smoother batter. 

Finally, I can’t stress enough the importance of not over-baking the sponge. This could result in a dry and crumbly cake. Each oven is unique, so keep a close eye on the cake after the 20-minute mark to ensure it stays moist and fluffy. 

Troubleshooting Common Problems with Victoria Sandwich 

Even seasoned bakers like me sometimes encounter problems while baking a Victoria Sandwich. However, understanding common issues can help prevent them from ruining your baking day. 

If your cake is too dense or heavy, it’s often because the batter has been over-mixed. When adding the flour, be gentle and fold it in just until it’s incorporated. Over-mixing can lead to a tough sponge, as it develops the gluten in the flour. 

Cracked tops can also be a common issue. This can occur if the oven is too hot, causing the cake to rise rapidly and then crack. To prevent this, ensure your oven is correctly preheated and try reducing the temperature slightly. 

If your cake is sticking to the tin, it’s likely due to inadequate greasing. I recommend not only buttering the tin but also lining it with parchment paper. This will ensure a smooth release every time. 

Lastly, if your sponge is dry, it could be because the cake was baked for too long. Be sure to keep an eye on your cake and do the skewer test to check if it’s done. 

Remember, baking is a journey, and a little stumble along the way only makes the destination sweeter. So don’t be disheartened by minor hiccups. Instead, learn from them and keep baking! 

The Story Behind the Name – Why is it Called a Victoria Sandwich When It’s a Cake? 

Isn’t it interesting how certain names pique our curiosity? The Victoria Sandwich is one such intriguingly named dessert. Despite being a cake, it’s called a sandwich. It’s a fascinating tale, steeped in history. 

The Victoria Sandwich is a classic British teatime treat, named after Queen Victoria herself.  

Queen Victoria had an immense fondness for this particular cake, and it became a regular feature at her afternoon tea sessions. The cake’s name pays homage to the queen’s legacy and her love for this delightful dessert. 

Now, why is it called a ‘Sandwich’ though? The answer lies in its structure. Two sponge cakes serve as the ‘bread’, with a delicious filling of jam and cream tucked in between, similar to a sandwich. Its resemblance to an actual sandwich gave it the name ‘Victoria Sandwich’. 

While it might seem odd to call a cake a sandwich, it’s precisely this quirk that lends the Victoria Sandwich its unique charm and character. The Victoria Sandwich isn’t just a cake; it’s a piece of history, a royal legacy carried forward in the form of a humble yet sophisticated dessert. 

Experimenting with Fillings – Can I Use Different Fillings for the Victoria Sandwich? 

Why not, I say! As an adventurous baker, I’m always up for experimenting and adding personal touches to classic recipes. The Victoria Sandwich, while traditionally filled with strawberry jam and cream, is an excellent canvas for other delicious fillings. 

You can definitely explore other types of jam. Raspberry, blackberry, and even peach jam can offer delightful variations. Each jam will lend a unique flavour profile to your Victoria Sandwich, making it a new experience each time. 

Cream-wise, apart from whipped cream, you could try mascarpone for a richer, creamier taste. A zesty lemon curd could add a tangy contrast to the sweet sponge. If you’re a chocolate lover like me, a thin layer of ganache could make for an indulgent treat. 

Or why not go for fresh fruits? Slices of fresh strawberries or a medley of summer berries could add a refreshing touch. 

Remember, recipes are guidelines, not rules set in stone. Feel free to get creative and make your Victoria Sandwich truly your own. Just remember to adjust the sweetness accordingly and balance the flavours to maintain the harmony of this classic cake. 

Ideal Serving Suggestions for a Victoria Sandwich 

Oh, the joy of presenting a beautifully made Victoria Sandwich to eagerly awaiting guests! While this iconic cake is a delight on its own, the way it’s served can elevate the experience even more. 

Traditionally, a Victoria Sandwich is served simply, with a dusting of icing sugar on top. This minimalist approach allows the cake’s flavours to shine through without distraction. However, being an adventurous soul in the kitchen, I love to add a few extra touches. 

For an afternoon tea or a brunch, I like to serve slices of the Victoria Sandwich with a side of fresh berries. Strawberries, blueberries, or raspberries not only add a pop of colour but also provide a fresh contrast to the cake’s rich cream and jam filling. 

On a hot summer day, serving the cake with a scoop of vanilla ice cream can make for a refreshing treat. The creaminess of the ice cream complements the cake wonderfully, creating a match made in dessert heaven. 

For a more festive occasion, I like to serve my Victoria Sandwich with a drizzle of berry coulis or a dollop of whipped cream on the side. You could even garnish the cake with edible flowers or fresh mint leaves for a touch of elegance. 

Remember, the aim is to complement and not overshadow the Victoria Sandwich’s delicate balance of flavours. It’s all about enhancing the enjoyment of this timeless classic. 

Adding a Personal Touch to the Victoria Sandwich Serving 

In my kitchen, I believe that the presentation of a dish is as important as its taste. A beautifully served Victoria Sandwich can enhance the overall dining experience and make it memorable. 

Sometimes, I like to stray away from the traditional circular shape and use a square or a heart-shaped tin for my Victoria Sandwich. This can make the cake look unique and interesting, and it’s especially fun for occasions like birthdays or anniversaries. 

I’m also a big fan of adding a bit of colour to the cake. For instance, a handful of fresh, edible flowers scattered over the icing sugar dusted top can make for a stunningly beautiful cake. If it’s autumn, some caramelized nuts on top can add a lovely crunch and enhance the visual appeal. 

If serving for a tea party, consider individual Victoria Sandwiches. Bake the sponge in muffin tins and cut them in half to create mini sandwiches. This makes for an elegant and easy-to-serve option that your guests are sure to appreciate. 

Ultimately, the Victoria Sandwich is your canvas. So don’t hesitate to add your personal touch, whether it’s a unique serving dish, a beautiful cake stand, or some creative garnishing. 

Check Out These Other Recipes 

As I sat enjoying a slice of the classic Victoria Sandwich, I couldn’t help but be reminded of the delightful simplicity of a good old British staple. You know, if you loved this, there’s a few other recipes from the same cuisine that I reckon you’ll absolutely adore! 

Ever tasted a perfectly baked Vanilla Tray Bake? It has the same tender sponge texture as a Victoria Sandwich, but with the sweet aroma of vanilla that fills your kitchen as it bakes, it’s practically impossible to resist a slice, or two, or three. 

Then there’s the Basic Cupcake. Oh, how I love the nostalgic charm of these little delights! The buttery, sweet flavour is very much akin to the Victoria Sandwich. And the best part? You can top them off with your favourite icing or keep them plain and simple, just like our dear Victoria. 

Remember the Egg Sandwich? The British really know how to make the most of simple, quality ingredients. This is another must-try if you’re a fan of the Victoria Sandwich. The richness of the egg filling, complimented by a touch of mayonnaise and nestled between two slices of soft bread, oh it’s heavenly! 

You see, the Victoria Sandwich’s simplicity is mirrored in the plain scone. The scone, when done right, is a delight to savour, with or without cream and jam. Its crumbly texture and mildly sweet taste is a comfort that every tea lover deserves. 

Last but definitely not least, you should try your hand at making a Cherry Cobbler. It’s not as similar to the Victoria Sandwich, but trust me, the sweet and slightly tart cherry filling with the soft, crumbly topping will make you fall in love with British desserts all over again. 

Remember, food is about exploration and enjoyment. So put on your apron, gather your ingredients, and let’s embark on a British baking journey together! And once you’ve tried these recipes, do let me know how you liked them in the comments section. I always love to hear from fellow baking enthusiasts! 

Victoria Sandwich

Victoria Sandwich

by Nabeela Kauser
Embark on a delightful culinary journey with the classic Victoria Sandwich, a heart-warming British bake that's as rich in flavour as it is in history.
5 from 4 votes
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 35 minutes
Course Baking
Cuisine British, Western
Servings 8
Calories 636 kcal


For the sponge:

  • 225 g Butter Unsalted, softened
  • 225 g Caster Sugar
  • 225 g Self-raising Flour
  • 4 Eggs
  • 1 tsp Baking Powder
  • 1 tsp Vanilla Extract
  • 2 tbsp Milk

For the filling:

  • 150 g Strawberry Jam
  • 300 ml Double Cream
  • 2 tbsp Icing Sugar
  • 1 tsp Vanilla Extract


  • Preheat your oven to 180°C (350°F) and grease two 20cm (8-inch) round cake tins.
  • In a large mixing bowl, cream the softened butter and caster sugar together until light and fluffy.
  • Add the eggs one at a time, making sure each egg is fully incorporated before adding the next.
  • Sift the self-raising flour and baking powder into the bowl, then gently fold it into the batter until well combined.
  • Pour in the milk and mix until the batter becomes smooth and creamy.
  • Divide the batter equally between the prepared cake tins and use a spatula to smooth the tops.
  • Bake in the preheated oven for approximately 25 minutes or until the cakes turn golden brown and a skewer inserted into the centre comes out clean.
  • Once baked, remove the cakes from the oven and allow them to cool in the tins for a few minutes. Then transfer them to a wire rack to cool completely.
  • While the cakes are cooling, prepare the cream filling. In a chilled mixing bowl, whip the double cream, icing sugar, and vanilla extract until it becomes thick and creamy.
  • Once the cakes have cooled, spread strawberry jam over the surface of one cake layer.
  • Next, spread the whipped cream over the layer with strawberry jam.
  • Place the second cake layer on top of the cream and gently press down to secure the layers together.
  • If desired, you can dust the top of the cake with icing sugar for decoration.
  • Finally, slice and serve the Victoria Sandwich as desired.


Feel free to customize the filling by using different flavours of jam or adding fresh fruits.
Make sure the butter is softened to room temperature for easier creaming.
It’s important to let the cakes cool completely before assembling to prevent the cream from melting.
Nutritional facts:
The provision of nutritional information is done so merely as a courtesy and should not be taken as a guarantee.


Calories: 636kcalCarbohydrates: 65gProtein: 8gFat: 39gSaturated Fat: 24gTrans Fat: 1gCholesterol: 185mgSodium: 284mgPotassium: 123mgFibre: 1gSugar: 41gVitamin A: 1383IUVitamin C: 2mgVitamin D: 1µgCalcium: 86mgIron: 1mg
Keyword Baked, Baking, Cake, Cakes, Dessert, Food, Jam, Recipe, Spongecake
Tried this recipe?Mention @CookwithNabeela or tag #CookwithNabeela!

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Hi, I’m Nabeela and I love to cook! I want to share with you my favourite, delicious family-friendly recipes. I want to inspire you to create fantastic food for your family every day.

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