Capsicum Curry
Capsicum Curry
5 from 7 votes
This vegan and gluten-free capsicum curry is made of crunchy bell peppers and coated in a simple masala gravy. This fuss-free shimla mirch sabzi will amaze you with all of its flavours.
Capsicum Curry

Capsicum Curry. Its history isn’t as ancient as some Indian dishes, but it’s no less beloved. Originating from the Northern parts of India, this dish quickly made its way across households and restaurants, becoming a favoured choice for many.

While the dish sounds exotic, I’ve found it pretty straightforward to whip up. In terms of difficulty, this recipe is somewhere between beginner and intermediate. It’s kind of like that one dance step you’ve always wanted to learn. Not the easiest, but with a little effort, you’ll master the groove.

There are myriad variations of the Capsicum Curry. Some folks enjoy tossing in some paneer for a protein-packed version, while others might go for a sweeter twist with the addition of coconut milk. But today, we’re sticking to the classic.

Now, let’s discuss our main star – the bell pepper, or as we fondly call it in India, the Shimla Mirch.

In various colours – green, yellow, and red – these beauties are not just about the visual appeal but bring a crunch and mild sweetness to the dish. Paired with the heady aroma of spices, it’s an experience waiting to unfold.

Then we have the symphony of spices. Turmeric, which paints our curry with a golden hue, garam masala lending its warm and earthy tones, and the chilli powder adding that dash of adventure for the palate. Not to forget the subtle touch of dried fenugreek leaves (methi) that rounds everything off beautifully.

Finally, this dish is one of those recipes that evolve beautifully over time. While most of us devour it fresh off the stove, some (like yours truly) believe it tastes even better the next day, when the flavours have had a little more time to mingle and get to know each other.

Whether you’re a seasoned cook or a newbie looking to explore the wonders of Indian cuisine, Capsicum Curry is a fantastic place to start. It’s a flavourful journey you won’t forget.

What Ingredients to Use & Why

Creating the perfect Capsicum Curry isn’t just about following a series of steps. It’s about understanding the heart and soul of each ingredient that goes into the pot.

Every item contributes a unique flavour, aroma, and texture, culminating in a dish that’s as rich in tradition as it is in taste. Let’s delve into the intricacies of these culinary players, shall we?

Olive Oil: Traditionally, many Indian recipes might lean on ghee or mustard oil, but I find olive oil to be a lighter, healthier alternative.

Its mild flavour profile doesn’t overpower the other ingredients, ensuring the spices take centre stage. If you’re craving that authentic touch, ghee or mustard oil can be your go-to.

Cumin Seeds (Jeera): Ah, the aromatic jeera! These little seeds pack a punch, offering a nutty and slightly peppery flavour to our curry.

They’re essential for that initial tempering, releasing a delightful aroma when they hit the hot oil. In the absence of cumin, caraway seeds can serve as a backup, but the flavour will slightly differ.

Crushed Chillies: Capsicum Curry gets its gentle kick from these. Crushed chillies bring warmth without being overwhelmingly spicy. If you’re looking to experiment, red chili flakes or even fresh green chilies can be a spicy twist.

Onions: The humble onion lays the foundation for our curry. It gives body, a mild sweetness, and a luscious texture to the gravy. Yellow or white onions work well, but if you’re in a pinch, shallots or red onions can fill in, offering a slightly varied flavour.

Ginger and Garlic Paste: The dynamic duo! Both ginger and garlic bring a zesty depth of flavour, with ginger adding a spicy-sweet touch and garlic providing a robust pungency. If fresh isn’t available, ground ginger and garlic powder can substitute, but I always advocate for the fresh version.

Salt: The great harmonizer. It enhances the flavours of the other ingredients, making them pop. While table salt works, sea salt or Himalayan pink salt could be used for a mineral-rich twist.

Chilli Powder: This gives our curry its signature heat. Depending on your spice tolerance, you can adjust its quantity. Paprika can be a milder alternative.

Turmeric Powder (Haldi): More than just colour, turmeric adds a subtle earthy bitterness that contrasts beautifully with the other spices. There isn’t a perfect substitute for this one – its unique flavour and health benefits make it indispensable.

Garam Masala: The soul of many Indian dishes. It’s a blend of warming spices like cardamom, cloves, and cinnamon. Each brand has its blend, but they all bring a comforting warmth to the curry. Allspice can be a substitute, but it won’t capture the same depth.

Bell Pepper (Shimla Mirch): The star! Its vibrant colours, crunchy texture, and mild sweetness stand out amidst the robustness of the spices. While bell peppers are core, adding other veggies like zucchini or mushrooms could provide a delightful twist.

Dried Fenugreek Leaves (Methi): They introduce a slightly bitter, celery-like flavour that balances the richness of the curry. If unavailable, you can use a pinch of celery seeds or kasuri methi powder.

Understanding the role of each ingredient is a culinary journey. As we blend flavours and textures, we realize that every spice, every vegetable has its part to play in the grand symphony of flavours.

Mastering the Art of Tempering in Indian Cooking

When I first delved into the world of Indian cooking, the concept of ‘tempering’ (known as ‘tadka’ in Hindi) seemed both fascinating and intimidating.

It’s that iconic scene we often witness in Indian households and movies: a spoonful of sizzling spices hitting a pot of dhal or curry, releasing an aroma that beckons even the most distracted member of the house to the dinner table.

So, what is tempering, and why is it vital, especially in dishes like our beloved Capsicum Curry?

At its core, tempering is the quick frying of spices and herbs in oil or ghee to release their essential oils, making them more aromatic and flavoursome. It’s an age-old technique I’ve come to realize, which forms the backbone of many Indian dishes.

Let’s start with the oil. While olive oil is my choice for the Capsicum Curry, ghee (clarified butter) or mustard oil can bring about a traditional richness. Each oil has its own flavour profile and smoke point, which can influence the final outcome of the dish.

Then come the spices. Cumin seeds, for instance, have a nutty, earthy flavour that’s amplified when they dance in hot oil. The sound of these seeds sizzling is music to my ears, an indication they’re releasing their robust flavour.

In the Capsicum Curry recipe, the addition of crushed chillies during tempering gives the dish its gentle kick. The warming sensation it provides isn’t just about the spice; it’s about invigorating the dish with a fiery passion.

But tempering isn’t exclusive to the start of a dish. Sometimes, I’ve tempered spices at the end, pouring them over the finished dish for an added layer of aroma and flavour, especially in dals or yoghurt-based recipes.

Mastering the art of tempering is akin to unlocking the soul of Indian cooking. It’s that initial step or the final flourish that takes a dish from good to exceptional.

The Vibrant World of Bell Peppers: Colours and Flavours

Whenever I set out to make Capsicum Curry, the main ingredient – bell peppers or ‘Shimla Mirch’ – always captures my attention. Their vibrant colours, ranging from greens to yellows, reds, and sometimes even purples, make them an instant star on any plate.

But beyond their visual appeal, these peppers bring a world of flavours and textures to the table. Let’s dive into this colourful journey.

Green bell peppers, often the firmest of the lot, have a slightly bitter, grassy flavour. When I use them in my Capsicum Curry, they provide a fresh, crunchy contrast to the rich, spiced gravy.

Then we have the red bell peppers, which are essentially mature green peppers. I love them for their sweetness, which is perfect for those who prefer a milder version of Capsicum Curry. Their vibrant red hue is always a sight for sore eyes.

Yellow and orange bell peppers sit between the green and red varieties in terms of sweetness. They introduce a fruity note to the curry, which I find utterly delightful.

Sometimes, I like mixing different coloured bell peppers in the curry for a beautiful medley of flavours and a visually appealing dish. It’s like painting on a canvas, but with flavours.

Beyond the Capsicum Curry, bell peppers have a versatile nature. I’ve stuffed them with rice and meats, roasted them for a smoky touch in salads, or simply sliced them up for a crunchy snack.

I’ve come to appreciate the simple things, and bell peppers are a testament to that. They remind me that sometimes, all you need is a dash of colour and a sprinkle of creativity to turn a dish into a masterpiece.

The Unsung Heroes: Ginger and Garlic Paste in Indian Cuisine

From the moment I began experimenting with Indian dishes, there was a duo I always turned to for that perfect aromatic base: ginger and garlic. Individually, these two ingredients are potent. Together, they’re magic. Let’s take a moment to appreciate this iconic partnership.

In many of my culinary adventures, I’ve realized that ginger and garlic paste is almost foundational in Indian cooking. From curries like Capsicum Curry to biryanis and kebabs, it’s there, working silently in the background, giving dishes depth and zing.

Ginger, with its slightly spicy yet sweet undertones, brings warmth to dishes. When I include it in recipes, it introduces a freshness that invigorates the senses. It’s like the hint of zest in a comforting bowl of soup.

Garlic, on the other hand, is robust and pungent. It gives dishes an earthy richness that I can’t get enough of. In my Capsicum Curry, it complements the vibrant bell peppers and spices perfectly, ensuring that every bite is a symphony of flavours.

Now, while these two can be used fresh, chopped, or grated, I often find myself reaching for the paste form. Why? Because it blends seamlessly into dishes, ensuring that its flavours are evenly distributed. Plus, it saves me a lot of time, especially on busy days.

While the ginger-garlic combination is classic, I’ve occasionally dabbled with variations. Adding a bit of green chili to the paste gives it a spicier kick, perfect for those who love a fiery touch to their dishes.

Ginger and garlic paste is a testament to the idea that sometimes the most understated ingredients have the most profound impact. It’s this blend of flavours and aromas that make Indian dishes the comfort food I constantly crave.

The Spicy Spectrum: Decoding Chili Varieties in Indian Cooking

When I think of Indian cuisine, there’s an unmistakable warmth and zest that comes to mind. Much of this is thanks to the array of chili varieties I’ve incorporated into my recipes, including the Capsicum Curry. But it’s not just about the heat; it’s about the spectrum of flavours each chili introduces.

Let’s start with crushed chillies. When I add them to the Capsicum Curry, they lend a gentle kick, which elevates the dish without making it unbearably spicy. Crushed chillies are versatile, adding warmth and a touch of rustic texture.

But beyond crushed chillies, there’s a world of spicy wonders out there. For instance, there’s the red chili powder, which I often use to give dishes their signature vibrant hue and spicy warmth.

Depending on its origin and processing, the heat and colour can vary, which makes experimenting with it in dishes like the Capsicum Curry always interesting.

Green chilies, another favourite of mine, introduce a fresh, sharp heat. I’ve occasionally slit them and added them whole to dishes, letting them simmer and infuse their aroma. They’re perfect for those moments when I crave an invigorating spice level in my meal.

But what’s beautiful about chilies in Indian cooking is their flexibility. If you’re not one for intense heat, opting for milder varieties or reducing quantities can still provide that spicy undertone without overwhelming the palate.

I’ve come to appreciate the balance that chilies bring. Too much, and they overpower. Too little, and you miss that quintessential warmth. It’s about finding that perfect middle ground, where every bite has just the right amount of kick.

Whether it’s through crushed chillies, green chilies, or chili powders, embracing the spicy spectrum has added depth and dimension to my cooking. It’s a dance of flavours and heat, and I’m here for every spicy step of it.

Embracing Olive Oil in Traditional Indian Dishes

There was an ingredient that initially seemed out of place in traditional Indian dishes, yet slowly became my go-to oil: Olive oil.

Historically, many Indian dishes have been cooked using ghee or mustard oil, both of which have their unique flavours. But here’s my exploration into why olive oil has found a permanent place in my kitchen, especially for recipes like the Capsicum Curry.

Olive oil, often lauded for its numerous health benefits, is rich in monounsaturated fats and antioxidants.

But it’s not just about health; it’s about the subtle, fruity undertone it imparts to dishes. When I use olive oil in my Capsicum Curry, it adds a layer of complexity that’s both refreshing and unexpected.

This is not to say that I’ve abandoned traditional oils. But just as cuisines evolve, so do my choices of ingredients.

Melding the health benefits of olive oil with the rich flavours of Indian spices feels like a match made in culinary heaven. And for those worried about the smoke point – there’s always the option of using extra virgin olive oil for finishing dishes and regular olive oil for cooking.

I’ve also experimented with infused olive oils – think chili-infused or garlic-infused – which add an additional layer of flavour. In the Capsicum Curry, a drizzle of garlic-infused olive oil right at the end elevates the dish to a whole new level.

The use of olive oil in traditional dishes is a testament to the beauty of fusion in food. It’s the melding of Mediterranean subtlety with Indian vibrancy, creating dishes that are both familiar and novel.

Cumin Seeds – The Tiny Titans of Indian Cuisine

The moment I drop those tiny brown seeds into hot oil and they sizzle, releasing an aroma that’s nutty and fragrant, I’m transported. Cumin seeds, or as they’re called in India, Jeera, have been the backbone of many of my dishes, including the delightful Capsicum Curry.

These tiny seeds pack a punch way above their weight. Their warm and earthy flavour sets the tone for many Indian dishes. When I introduced them to my Capsicum Curry, they brought a depth that complemented the freshness of bell peppers and the tanginess of tomatoes.

But beyond just flavour, cumin seeds have been traditionally believed to have a myriad of health benefits. They’re said to aid digestion, combat bloating, and even boost immunity. Every time I sprinkle them into my dishes, I’m not just adding flavour; I’m sprinkling in a touch of wellness.

While cumin seeds are revered, their roasted version is a flavour dynamo. Roasting them deepens their natural nutty aroma, and when ground, this becomes a magic powder I often reach for to sprinkle over salads, yogurt, or even flatbreads.

I’ve also dabbled with black cumin or ‘Shahi Jeera.’ This variant, slightly sweeter, and more delicate, is often reserved for special dishes like biryanis or certain types of curries. But nothing stops me from occasionally using them in my Capsicum Curry for that royal touch.

In the vast world of spices, cumin seeds might appear simple, even unassuming. But in my culinary journey, I’ve learned that sometimes the most modest ingredients make the most significant impact. Whether it’s in a humble dal or a rich curry, the cumin seeds invariably weave their magic.

The Spice Spectrum: From Turmeric to Chilli Powder

There’s a rhythm I fall into every time I’m cooking. A pinch of this, a dash of that, and soon, a beautiful symphony of flavours come to life. Among the spice in my kitchen that I frequently lean upon, especially in the Capsicum Curry, are turmeric and chilli powder.

Turmeric, or as many know it, ‘Haldi’, is an integral part of Indian cuisine. Beyond its bright golden-yellow hue, which paints my dishes in a sunlit palette, it’s the earthy and slightly bitter taste it brings to the table that makes it indispensable.

But, let’s not forget its acclaimed health properties. Revered in traditional medicine, turmeric has been lauded for its anti-inflammatory benefits. So every time I stir it into my Capsicum Curry or any other dish, I’m not only adding colour and flavour but a touch of ancient wisdom and health.

Then, there’s chilli powder, which is quite literally the spice of life for me. It offers that kick, the zing, the vibrancy that elevates a dish from good to lip-smackingly unforgettable.

Chilli powder and Indian cuisine have had a long-standing love affair, and in my Capsicum Curry, it brings the necessary warmth and heat, beautifully balancing the sweetness of bell peppers and onions.

However, a word to the wise – not all chilli powders are made equal. Over the years, I’ve flirted with varieties from different regions. Kashmiri chilli powder, for instance, is milder and imparts a lovely red colour, while those from the south can be fiery hot.

While turmeric and chilli powder are stellar on their own, it’s their collaboration in dishes like Capsicum Curry that truly exemplifies culinary magic. The earthiness of turmeric grounds the fiery notes of chilli powder, creating a balance that dances gracefully on the palate.

Fenugreek Leaves: A Love Affair with Bitterness

When I dive deep into the nuances of Indian cooking, I can’t help but marvel at how beautifully we’ve embraced bitterness. And leading this unique parade is fenugreek, or as I fondly call it, ‘Methi’.

Dried fenugreek leaves have this unparalleled ability to introduce a gentle, bitter note to dishes, making them intriguing and layered.

In my Capsicum Curry, the addition of dried fenugreek leaves towards the end is nothing short of a masterstroke.

While the curry is simmering, with all its flavours melding together, a sprinkle of these leaves brings in a slight bitter touch, which contrasts beautifully with the sweet bell peppers and the tang of tomatoes. It’s like adding a plot twist to a story.

Methi, in its fresh form, has a more pronounced bitterness. I’ve experimented with it in many dishes, from flatbreads to other curries. But the dried version, often referred to as ‘Kasuri Methi’, is more subdued and fragrant.

When crushed between the palms and added to a dish, it releases an aroma that’s both bitter and slightly sweet.

And for those days when fenugreek leaves might be out of reach or if I’m crafting a dish for someone not too fond of bitter notes, I might lean on other herbs.

Parsley, with its fresh and slightly peppery flavour, can sometimes play understudy. But let’s be clear, while substitutions can come close, there’s nothing quite like the original.

It’s not always about the sweet, the tangy, or the spicy. Sometimes, it’s the bitter notes that make a dish truly memorable. After all, isn’t life a mix of all these flavours?

Check Out These Other Recipes:

As I was savouring the rich flavours of the Capsicum Curry, it took me down memory lane to some other delightful Indian recipes that I’ve had the privilege to prepare.

Have you ever experienced the delight of a Chicken Tikka Masala? It’s this symphony of grilled chicken pieces swathed in a rich and aromatic tomato sauce.

Speaking of chicken, you can’t forget the Butter Chicken; it’s this dance of buttery goodness with soft, juicy pieces of chicken that just melt in your mouth.

On days when I’m feeling the need for something more comforting, the Simple Egg Curry works wonders. The harmony of spices and eggs makes it a perfect accompaniment to steamed rice.

And, of course, no Indian meal is complete without the aromatic Chicken Biryani, where layers of rice and chicken come together in a pot of brilliance, exuding fragrances that call out to every Indian food lover.

Last, but definitely not least, the Tadka Dal – a simple lentil preparation with a hint of spices tempered in ghee. It’s humble yet packed with flavours, and it’s something I often pair with Capsicum Curry for a balanced meal.

If you’ve tried any of these or decide to whip them up, don’t forget to leave your thoughts in the comments. Your feedback makes my culinary journey even more delightful!

Capsicum Curry

Capsicum Curry

by Nabeela Kauser
This vegan and gluten-free capsicum curry is made of crunchy bell peppers and coated in a simple masala gravy. This fuss-free shimla mirch sabzi will amaze you with all of its flavours.
5 from 7 votes
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 25 minutes
Total Time 40 minutes
Course Dinner, Main Course
Cuisine Indian, Pakistani
Servings 4
Calories 151 kcal


  • 50 ml Olive Oil
  • 1 tsp Cumin Seeds Jeera
  • 1 tsp Crushed Chillies
  • 2 Onions
  • 1 tsp Ginger Paste
  • 1 tsp Garlic Paste
  • 1 tsp Salt
  • 1 tsp Chilli Powder
  • 1 tsp Turmeric Powder Haldi
  • 1 tsp Garam Masala
  • 2 Bell Pepper
  • 1 tsp Dried Fenugreek Leaves Methi
  • 200 ml Water


  • Add the oil into the pan and heat up
  • Add the cumin seeds and crushed chillies then sauté for 1-2 minutes until fragrant
  • Dice one of the red onions and add into the pan then cook for 3-4 minutes on medium heat
  • Add the ginger paste and garlic paste then cook for 1-2 minutes
  • Add the finely diced tomatoes then cook for 3-4 minutes
  • Add the salt, chilli powder, turmeric powder and garam masala then cook the spices for 3-4 minutes
  • Add the water and cook for a further 3-4 minutes
  • Dice the remaining red onion and the bell peppers into bite-sized chunks
  • Add the red onion and bell peppers into the pan and cook for 8-10 minutes
  • Add the dried fenugreek leaves and mix to combine
  • Serve warm alongside a side of chapatti and enjoy!



Nutritional facts:
The provision of nutritional information is done merely as a courtesy and should not be taken as a guarantee.


Calories: 151kcalCarbohydrates: 10gProtein: 2gFat: 12gSaturated Fat: 2gSodium: 607mgPotassium: 252mgFibre: 3gSugar: 5gVitamin A: 2167IUVitamin C: 81mgCalcium: 30mgIron: 1mg
Keyword Bell Peppers, Capsicum, Curry, Spicy, Vegan, Vegetables, Vegetarian
Tried this recipe?Mention @CookwithNabeela or tag #CookwithNabeela!

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Melanie Price
Melanie Price
4 days ago

How many tomatoes? It doesnt axtually tell you in the list of ingredients. Just about to try it using 2 onions. Looks good so far.


Hi, I’m Nabeela and I love to cook! I want to share with you my favourite, delicious family-friendly recipes. I want to inspire you to create fantastic food for your family every day.

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