French Bread
French Bread
5 from 1 vote
Dive into the world of baking with this incredibly rewarding French bread recipe! No need for fancy ingredients or complicated techniques; just simple, straightforward steps to achieve the epitome of crusty, golden perfection.
French Bread

French Bread—the quintessential staple of French cuisine and a global symbol of culinary finesse. If the Eiffel Tower were made of food, it would be made of French Bread, don’t you think? 

Originating from, you guessed it, France, this bread has been a centrepiece in French households for centuries. Early iterations date back to the 17th century, when bread was considered a public service. Yes, bread was that important, and guess what? It still is! 

Now let’s talk turkey—or rather, difficulty. French Bread is often shrouded in a cloak of culinary mystique. But don’t be fooled!  

While it does require a smidge of patience (yeast needs its beauty sleep, too), it’s a far cry from impossible. You don’t need to be a seasoned baker; even novices can churn out loaves that’ll make a Parisian pause and say, “C’est magnifique!” 

Variations? Oh, don’t even get me started. Once you’ve mastered the classic French Bread, the world—or at least the bakery aisle—is your oyster. Consider adding herbs like rosemary or thyme to infuse an earthy aroma. You could even toss in some olives or sun-dried tomatoes for a Mediterranean twist. 

And before you ask, yes, the type of flour does matter. All-purpose flour is your all-purpose friend here, providing the right gluten structure without turning your bread into a brick.  

Sure, bread flour can be a fun experiment, but when you’re just starting, stick to the classics. 

Then there’s the salt, seemingly insignificant but secretly a key player. Ever tasted bread that was blander than a cardboard box? That’s what happens when you underestimate the power of salt. It’s like the bassist of a rock band—often overlooked, but without it, the band would lack depth. 

You’ve got to show some love for yeast as well. Yeast is the tiny miracle worker that turns your lumpy, bumpy dough into a fluffy, airy dream. It’s the biological leavening agent that has been lifting our spirits and our dough for centuries. 

Lastly, let’s chat water. It’s not just there to make everything stick together; warm water activates the yeast, setting the stage for that essential dough rise. It’s like coffee for your bread—kick-starting it into action! 

So grab that apron and turn up your favourite playlist. With this French Bread recipe, we’re not just baking bread; we’re creating edible history. Happy baking! 

What Ingredients to Use & Why 

Alright, darlings, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty: the ingredients. You might think, “Eh, it’s just flour, salt, yeast, and water,” but oh, how wrong you’d be! Each ingredient plays a starring role in this culinary drama that unfolds into delicious French Bread. Let’s break it down, shall we? 

All-Purpose Flour: Ah, the canvas of our edible artwork. All-purpose flour is the Goldilocks of the flour world—neither too hard nor too soft—just right for creating the perfect crumb texture.  

It offers the ideal gluten structure, allowing your bread to rise well without turning into a brick. For those feeling frisky, you could try bread flour for a chewier texture.  

Alternatively, for a health kick, a mix of whole-wheat flour and all-purpose flour could work. But remember, too much whole-wheat and you risk a denser loaf. 

Salt: This humble ingredient is often dismissed as a mere seasoning, but in the world of bread-making, it’s a game-changer. Salt tightens the gluten structure, resulting in a fine crumb and tender crust.  

It’s also a flavour enhancer, ensuring your bread doesn’t taste like you’re chewing on clouds of nothingness. Looking for alternatives? Sea salt or kosher salt can be used, but the quantity might need a tweak as they vary in saltiness. 

Active Dry Yeast: The life of the party, yeast takes the stage when it comes to giving your bread its rise. It’s the fermenting hero, creating gas bubbles that cause the dough to inflate like a balloon.  

If you’re looking to shake things up a bit, instant yeast is a quicker alternative, though it doesn’t offer the nuanced flavour that a longer fermentation with active dry yeast can provide. Another exotic option would be using a sourdough starter, but that’s a whole different ball game. 

And there you have it! Ingredients might look simple, but they each bring a unique set of qualities that turn your basic dough into a magnifique French Bread.  

Now that we’ve explored the whys and wherefores of each ingredient, you’re all set for a fun and successful baking adventure. So, let’s get that dough rolling, shall we? 

How to Get that Perfect French Bread Crust 

Oh, the allure of a French Bread with the perfect crust! It’s what separates the weekend baking warriors from the Michelin-starred chefs. But hold onto your oven mitts because achieving that crusty exterior isn’t as elusive as you may think. 

Now let’s get this straight: the crust is not just about appearance—it’s an experience. The contrast between a golden-brown, crispy exterior and a soft, fluffy interior is what French Bread dreams are made of.  

And guess what? You can achieve it right in your kitchen without enrolling in a French culinary school. The secret? Steam and temperature control. 

Starting with the steam, it creates a moist environment in your oven, allowing the crust to expand beautifully before it hardens. This gives you that professional, bakery-level result.  

Most ovens aren’t built with steam injectors like those fancy commercial ovens but worry not. A simple pan of boiling water placed at the bottom of your oven can work wonders. 

Temperature is the other MVP here. High initial heat allows rapid yeast activity, causing the dough to rise more quickly and create that coveted airy crumb. After about 10 minutes of high-temperature baking, you can lower the heat to allow the crust to harden without burning. 

As for that attractive glossy finish? That comes from the sugars and proteins in your dough caramelizing during baking. So, you see, chemistry can be delicious too! 

It’s critical to follow the recipe instructions closely. Don’t let impatience get the best of you. Each phase of the baking process, including preheating the oven and letting the dough rise sufficiently, is crucial to achieving that perfect crust. 

Don’t forget to make those signature slashes on your loaf before it goes into the oven. This isn’t just for the Instagram-worthy pictures; those slashes help the bread expand during baking. 

You can get that perfect French Bread crust through a combination of high heat, steam, and a dash of patience. Once you master it, you’ll not only have fabulous bread but also some serious bragging rights. 

The Magic of Kneading in French Bread Baking 

Ah, kneading, the age-old art of turning a sticky mess into a smooth and elastic ball of potential deliciousness. Many underestimate the power of a good knead, but let me tell you, it’s like the workout regimen for your French Bread. 

Kneading is essential for developing gluten, that network of proteins that give your bread structure. It’s what separates a loaf that stands tall and proud from one that flops over in sad defeat. It’s the gluten that captures the gases released by the yeast, allowing your bread to rise and become airy. 

A good knead can also make or break the crumb of your French Bread. Under-kneading leads to a dense loaf, as the gluten hasn’t had enough time to form its intricate network. Over-kneading? Well, that leads to a loaf tougher than a bouncer at a nightclub. 

The method matters too. Whether you’re going for the push-fold-turn technique or the more modern “slap and fold,” the aim is to get a smooth, elastic dough that passes the “windowpane test.”  

You know, that magical moment when you can stretch a small piece of dough between your fingers, and it forms a thin, translucent membrane without tearing. 

Timing is crucial. Most recipes, like ours, suggest 8-10 minutes of kneading, but let your hands and eyes be the judge. The dough should be smooth, slightly tacky, but not sticky, and bounce back when poked. Ah yes, it should look happy—if dough could express emotions. 

If you’re looking to take a break from manual labour, a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment can also do the trick. Just keep an eye on it; stand mixers are notorious for getting overzealous and over-kneading your dough. 

So, the next time you’re in the mood for French Bread, give kneading the attention it deserves. It’s not just a mindless task; it’s an essential step that sets the stage for the perfect loaf. Knead, rise, bake, and voilà—you’ve got yourself a loaf that would make any French baker nod in approval. 

The Science Behind Yeast Activation for French Bread 

Roll up those sleeves, because we’re about to geek out on some bread science—specifically, the dazzling world of yeast activation.  

“Yeast,” you say?  

Yes, that powdery stuff that turns dough into a culinary masterpiece. But let’s get one thing clear; activating yeast is more than just a pre-baking ritual. It’s the cornerstone for any yeast-leavened bread, like our splendid French Bread. 

Understanding yeast activation is like understanding how to fuel a rocket. You’re not going anywhere without it. Yeast is a living organism.  

Yep, it’s alive. It feeds on the sugars in your dough and excretes carbon dioxide, resulting in that irresistible bread rise. The initial step, involving warm water and sometimes a pinch of sugar, is like waking up the yeast from its slumber. 

Temperature is key here. I cannot emphasize enough how much yeast loves the “Goldilocks zone” of warmth—not too hot, not too cold. The ideal is between 110°F and 115°F. Stray too far, and you might as well be making flatbread. 

This is a delicate moment; consider it a litmus test. If your yeast froths up like a bubbly Jacuzzi, you’re on the right track. If it remains as flat as a pancake, it’s either dead or the water temperature is off. And no one likes flat French Bread. 

The yeast not only contributes to the bread’s rise but also its flavour profile. An adequately activated yeast gives your bread a complex flavour, a certain depth that distinguishes a good French Bread from a great one.  

The yeast feeds on the sugars and starches during fermentation, creating organic acids and contributing to the bread’s flavour complexities. 

Some bakers love to get jazzy with yeast. For instance, fresh yeast or even sourdough starters can be used for those who love an extra flavour kick. However, these come with their own sets of challenges and benefits. 

So, the next time you’re set to make that scrumptious loaf of French Bread, give yeast activation the respect it deserves. It’s more than just a step; it’s the prologue to your bread-baking story. 

Shaping Your French Bread: From Dough to Baguette 

The aesthetic of French Bread, oh la la, is practically an art form. But it’s not just for show. The way you shape your loaf has a significant impact on the final product’s texture, crumb, and even taste. It’s like sculpture, but edible and way more satisfying. 

Firstly, the classic French Bread shape—long, slender, and slightly curved—is not accidental. The elongated form maximizes the crust-to-crumb ratio, giving you more of that delightful, crispy exterior. And let’s face it, who doesn’t want more crust? 

After your dough has risen like it’s on a yeast-fuelled rocket to the moon, you punch it down. Why, you ask? Well, I would say it’s the bread’s last chance to rise again, but that’s not entirely it. Deflating your dough evenly distributes the yeast and makes it easier to shape. 

Now comes the fun part. Shaping your dough into a baguette involves some serious technique. You’re not just rolling it into a log; oh no, you’re carefully crafting it.  

A common method involves flattening your dough into a rectangle and folding it tightly. This gives you that quintessential chewy texture that French Bread is famous for. 

And let’s not forget the final proofing after shaping. This ensures that your baguette will have a fine, delicate crumb. Skip this step, and you’ll get bread so dense it could sink ships. 

Lastly, the signature diagonal slashes on the top of the loaf. These are not just for artistic flair, though they do add a certain je ne sais quoi. These slashes allow your bread to expand in the oven gracefully, preventing it from bursting at the seams. 

By giving proper attention to shaping your French Bread, you’re not just forming its physical appearance; you’re defining its texture, flavour, and even its soul.  

So the next time you’re tempted to skip or rush through the shaping phase, remember, as with many great things in life, beauty and goodness lie in the details. 

Unveiling the Importance of Salt in Your French Bread Journey 

Alright, let’s dish about an ingredient that might just be the unsung hero of the French Bread universe: salt. Yeah, you heard me right. Salt! This little gem of a mineral is more than a mere afterthought; it’s what makes the bread sing its harmonious tune. 

Now, don’t get all salty on me (pun intended) if I insist on its necessity. In the grand scheme of baking, salt does more than just tickle the taste buds.  

It strengthens the gluten network in the dough, ensuring your bread has the optimal texture. Think of it like the skeleton in a body—without it, the structure is compromised. 

But wait, there’s more. Salt also controls the yeast fermentation rate. That’s right! It helps keep the yeast from partying too hard and too fast, giving you a well-behaved rise instead of a dough explosion. Because, let’s be honest, who wants to clean up a dough disaster? 

Now, what happens if you skimp or forget the salt? Well, you’ll end up with a loaf that’s not just bland, but also has a crumb structure that’s off—think of a spongy, weirdly textured bread that even ducks at the pond might snub. 

As for alternatives, you could opt for sea salt or even kosher salt. But steer clear of iodized salt, as it can give the bread an off taste. But honestly, any good-quality salt can set the stage for a bread that’s borderline poetic. 

So, all in all, salt isn’t just an optional “season to taste” component. It’s the linchpin that holds the integrity of the French Bread. Skip it at your peril! 

The Dynamics of Flour in Crafting French Bread 

Hold your whisks and spatulas, because it’s time to talk about the very soul of French Bread—the all-purpose flour. While some may think of it as ‘just flour,’ let me school you on why this particular type is a rock star in the bread-making world. 

First off, all-purpose flour strikes the perfect balance between protein content and gluten formation. And why should you care? This nifty combo gives your French Bread that signature chewy texture and airy crumb. It’s not too dense, and it’s not too light; it’s just right. Goldilocks would approve! 

But that’s not all. Flour also absorbs the water and binds with the yeast, setting the stage for fermentation and eventual dough rising. Consider it the stage manager behind the scenes of your bread performance, ensuring all the other ingredients hit their marks. 

Thinking of going rogue with different flours? I wouldn’t recommend it, but if you must, bread flour can be an option. Just know that it’ll make your bread denser due to the higher protein content. Or how about whole-wheat flour for a rustic touch? Sure, but it will give you a heavier loaf with a coarser texture. 

So in essence, all-purpose flour isn’t just a backdrop; it’s the canvas on which your French Bread masterpiece will be painted. Choose wisely, for it can make or break your bread-making adventure! 

Remember, each ingredient plays a starring role in your bread recipe. Think of them as actors in a well-directed play, each contributing their unique qualities to make the whole production shine. 

Check Out These Other Recipes 

If you’re absolutely enamoured by the aroma and taste of my homemade French Bread, then trust me, you’re going to adore these other culinary delights that’ll transport you straight to a chic café in the heart of Paris.  

Yes, I’m speaking about the same Paris where crusty bread, cheese, and rich flavours aren’t just food; they’re a lifestyle. 

Let’s begin with the Garlic Bread With Cheese. Imagine your beloved French bread but laden with garlic and gooey cheese that melts right in your mouth. The golden crust contrasts impeccably with the oozing mozzarella, making it the go-to comfort food on a lazy evening. 

Moving on, you cannot, I repeat, you cannot ignore the seductive allure of Croissant. Golden, buttery layers that crackle delicately with every bite you take. It’s an ode to French patisserie at its finest. Serve it with some ham and cheese or simply dip it into your morning coffee; either way, you’re winning! 

Of course, you mustn’t skip on French Fries. Now, before you scoff, let me remind you that these aren’t just any fries. These are the golden batons of joy that have been perfected to be crispy on the outside yet fluffy within. The perfect companion to your freshly baked French bread, if you ask me. 

But what is French bread without some Garlic Roasted Potatoes? Ah, these aren’t your ordinary spuds. Picture baby potatoes tossed in a rich garlicky marinade and then roasted to a tantalizing golden hue. Dip them in some aioli and you’ll forget you ever had potatoes any other way. 

And last but not least, let’s add a touch of sweetness with Crème Brûlèe. The quintessential French dessert that’s as fun to crack open as it is to devour. A sugary, crystalline crust shelters a sea of velvety vanilla custard within. Your taste buds will dance in delight, I promise. 

So go on, explore these recipes and give your culinary journey a deliciously French twist. I’d love to hear your thoughts, so don’t forget to drop a comment below. 

French Bread

French Bread

by Nabeela Kauser
Dive into the world of baking with this incredibly rewarding French bread recipe! No need for fancy ingredients or complicated techniques; just simple, straightforward steps to achieve the epitome of crusty, golden perfection.
5 from 1 vote
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 25 minutes
Proof Time 1 hour
Total Time 1 hour 40 minutes
Course Baking
Cuisine French, Western
Servings 2 baguettes
Calories 921 kcal


  • 500 g Plain Flour
  • 1 tsp Salt
  • 1/2 tsp Yeast Active dry
  • 350 ml Water Warm


  • In a small bowl, combine the warm water and active dry yeast. Let it sit for about 5-10 minutes until it becomes frothy.
  • In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour and salt. Make a well in the centre and pour in the activated yeast mixture. Mix everything together until a dough forms.
  • Transfer the dough to a floured surface and knead it for about 8-10 minutes, or until it becomes smooth and elastic.
  • Place the kneaded dough in a lightly greased bowl. Cover it with a clean kitchen towel and let it proof in a warm, draft-free area for about 1 hour or until it has doubled in size.
  • Once the dough has risen, gently punch it down to release any air bubbles. Turn it out onto a floured surface and divide it into two equal portions. Shape each portion into a baguette by flattening the dough into a rectangle and then rolling it up tightly from one end.
  • Place the shaped baguettes onto a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Cover them with a kitchen towel and let them proof for another 15-20 minutes.
  • While the baguettes are proofing, preheat your oven to 220°C (430°F).
  • Before baking, use a sharp knife or a razor blade to make diagonal slashes along the tops of the baguettes. This not only adds a decorative touch but also allows the bread to expand while baking. Bake the baguettes in the preheated oven for about 20-25 minutes, or until they are golden brown and sound hollow when tapped on the bottom.
  • Once the baguettes are baked, transfer them to a wire rack and let them cool completely before slicing.


Feel free to experiment with adding herbs, cheese, or seeds to the dough for extra flavour.
For a crispier crust, you can place a pan of water in the oven while baking to create steam.
Enjoy your homemade French bread, perfect for sandwiches, bruschetta, or simply with a smear of butter!
Nutritional facts:
The provision of nutritional information is done merely as a courtesy and should not be taken as a guarantee.


Calories: 921kcalCarbohydrates: 192gProtein: 27gFat: 3gSaturated Fat: 0.4gSodium: 1953mgPotassium: 301mgFibre: 8gSugar: 1gVitamin C: 0.01mgCalcium: 45mgIron: 12mg
Keyword Bread, Food, Recipe
Tried this recipe?Mention @CookwithNabeela or tag #CookwithNabeela!



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Cook with Nabeela

Hi, I'm Nabeela!

I love to cook! I want to share with you my favourite, delicious family-friendly recipes. I want to inspire you to create fantastic food for your family every day.

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