5 from 2 votes
These French croissants with distinct flaky and buttery layers are ideal for breakfast or a teatime snack. Anyone can create these delectable handmade croissants at home with a little practise and patience.

Ah, the Croissant. That light, flaky, buttery crescent of heaven has effortlessly won hearts and palates across the globe. But have you ever stopped to think about its journey, its tale? How it made its way from humble origins to stardom on the world’s breakfast tables?

The origin of the Croissant is fascinating, and no, it isn’t purely French as many would think. This pastry has its roots in the Austrian kipferl, a crescent-shaped baked good that dates back to the 13th century.

When August Zang, an Austrian artillery officer, opened a Viennese bakery in Paris in the 1830s, he introduced the kipferl to the French populace. Over time, the French bakers experimented and improved upon the original recipe, resulting in the beloved Croissant we all adore today.

Now, let’s talk about making Croissants, shall we? Making a Croissant isn’t exactly a piece of cake (pun intended), but it’s definitely not rocket science either. It’s a labour of love, requiring patience, precision, and passion.

It might take a few tries to get it right, but once you do, oh la la, it’s worth every second you spend perfecting it.

Getting the layers just right is the key, and that’s where the challenge lies. The process of “laminating” the dough—alternating thin layers of dough and butter, then folding and rolling it several times—creates those desired flaky layers.

This process might sound tedious, and indeed, it is. But fear not! The result is a pastry so delicate, so airy, and so delightfully buttery, it practically melts in your mouth.

The ingredients are quite simple—flour, salt, sugar, yeast, milk, water, butter, and an egg. That’s it! But it’s the technique that makes all the difference. The temperature of your ingredients, the way you fold the dough, the time you allow it to rest—all these tiny details contribute to the final result.

By now, you might be wondering whether all this effort is really worth it. Why not just buy a Croissant from a bakery?

Well, I’ll tell you why. Because nothing compares to the satisfaction of seeing those layers puff up in the oven, of smelling that irresistible aroma of baking bread wafting through your kitchen, of taking that first bite into a Croissant that you’ve made from scratch.

It’s a moment of pure joy, a small victory, a celebration of the art of baking.

So, grab your apron, roll up your sleeves, and let’s get baking. It’s time to master the art of making Croissants and embark on an exciting culinary adventure.

What Ingredients to Use & Why

These buttery and flaky delights are a breakfast staple in French cuisine and have found their way into many hearts around the world. The making of croissants involves a combination of specific ingredients that contribute to their unique taste, texture, and appearance.

Here’s a breakdown of the ingredients used and why they are essential for making this beloved pastry.

Strong White Flour: This type of flour contains higher protein content, which is ideal for creating the sturdy structure that croissants need. It aids in developing gluten that gives elasticity and extensibility to the dough, allowing it to rise beautifully and maintain its shape during baking.

It also contributes to the overall taste and texture of the croissants. If unavailable, a suitable alternative would be bread flour, which has a similar protein content.

Salt: Salt plays a crucial role in bread baking. It controls yeast activity, thereby affecting the fermentation rate. Moreover, it strengthens the gluten network in the dough, which provides structure to the croissants. And of course, salt enhances the overall flavour of the pastries.

Caster Sugar: This fine sugar not only sweetens the dough but also aids in the browning of the croissants, giving them their appealing golden crust.

Furthermore, it helps to tenderize the dough by slowing down the gluten development. In the absence of caster sugar, you can use granulated sugar, although it might change the texture slightly.

Instant Yeast: This yeast is essential for the leavening process, helping the dough rise and expand. Instant yeast can directly be mixed with the dry ingredients without needing to be activated first, which simplifies the process.

Active dry yeast can be used as an alternative but needs to be dissolved in warm water first.

Warm Milk and Warm Water: These liquids activate the yeast, enabling the dough to rise. Milk, specifically, contributes to the richness of the dough, adding a mild sweetness and enhancing the browning of the crust.

In case you want to experiment with different flavours, plant-based milk like almond or soy can be used as an alternative.

Unsalted Butter: This is the heart of croissants. Butter, when layered within the dough, gives croissants their iconic flaky layers and luxurious, rich flavour. Using unsalted butter lets you control the salt content in the recipe.

If you’re aiming for a dairy-free version, you could use vegan butter, but this could alter the flavour profile.

Egg: Used for egg wash, the beaten egg gives the croissants a shiny, golden-brown finish when baked. The salt in the wash helps break down the protein in the egg, making it easier to spread. If you’re aiming for a vegan version, a mixture of maple syrup and non-dairy milk can be used for a similar effect.

Remember, the magic of croissants lies not just in the ingredients, but also in the technique – the laminating process, the layering of the dough with butter, and the right baking temperature.

Time to Make Homemade Croissants

There’s something immensely satisfying about making your own homemade croissants. This process requires a bit of time, but the results are absolutely worth it.

From the initial mixing of the ingredients to the final golden, flaky product, the entire procedure takes about 8-9 hours, which includes a considerable amount of passive time for rising and chilling the dough.

At the start, mixing the ingredients and kneading the dough requires around 20-30 minutes. The dough then needs to rise for about an hour, but this is passive time when you can attend to other tasks.

After the dough rises, you’ll spend about 15 minutes rolling out the dough and incorporating the cold butter. Once this step is completed, the dough requires another long rest in the refrigerator.

This chilling period, which should last at least 6 hours or ideally overnight, is crucial to allow the butter layers to solidify, thereby producing the characteristic flaky layers in the croissants.

After the dough is sufficiently chilled, shaping and proofing the croissants take about 30 minutes, then it’s a 15-20 minute bake in the oven. Don’t forget to factor in a little extra time for the croissants to cool slightly before you dive in.

Yes, it’s a bit of a process, but when you tear open one of these homemade croissants and smell the buttery aroma, you’ll agree that the time investment was well worth it.

Using Regular Flour in Croissants

Making croissants is a bit of a culinary journey, and it’s important to select the right ingredients to achieve the best results. One crucial ingredient in this journey is the flour.

The original recipe calls for strong white flour, which is high in gluten. This high gluten content contributes significantly to the structure and texture of the croissants.

The structure of croissants is built on layers, achieved by laminating the dough with butter. This process involves repeatedly folding and rolling the dough to create thin sheets of butter between layers of dough.

The gluten in the strong white flour allows the dough to stretch without tearing, enabling it to retain the layers of butter and puff up beautifully in the oven.

Can you use regular or all-purpose flour instead? Absolutely, but there’s a catch. All-purpose flour has less gluten than strong white flour. This difference means that the dough made with all-purpose flour might not be as stretchy or resilient, which could result in less flaky and puffier croissants.

However, if all-purpose flour is all you have, don’t let it deter you. It’s still possible to make delicious croissants, they just might not be quite as light or flaky.

Identifying When Croissant Dough Has Risen Enough

One of the crucial steps in making croissants is letting the dough rise. It’s an integral part of the process that impacts the final texture and flavour of your croissants.

The rising process, also known as proofing, allows the yeast in the dough to ferment the carbohydrates in the flour, producing carbon dioxide gas that makes the dough expand.

In this recipe, the dough is left to rise until it doubles in size. This step usually takes about an hour, but the exact time can vary depending on factors like the temperature and humidity of your kitchen.

Here’s how I typically judge when my dough has risen enough: I gently press my finger into the dough. If the indentation remains and the dough does not spring back, it’s risen sufficiently.

Letting your dough rise adequately is essential for achieving the light, fluffy texture that’s the hallmark of a perfect croissant. If it doesn’t rise enough, your croissants may end up dense and heavy.

If it rises too much, the dough can over-expand and then collapse. Trust your instincts and keep an eye on your dough. Remember, bread making is as much an art as it is a science.

Importance of Chilling Dough Overnight for Making Croissants

The idea of waiting overnight to bake croissants might seem like a test of patience, but trust me, this waiting period is crucial to achieving the perfect texture. Chilling the dough overnight in the refrigerator allows the butter to harden.

When the croissants are baked, the hard butter melts and produces steam, pushing the dough layers apart and resulting in the flaky, airy interior that is characteristic of croissants.

This process is called lamination, and it’s what gives croissants their unique layered structure. If the butter isn’t cold enough when the croissants go into the oven, it will melt too quickly, and the layers won’t have time to form.

That’s why it’s critical to keep the dough cold and let it rest overnight in the fridge before baking.

Moreover, the extended chilling time also relaxes the gluten in the dough, making it easier to roll out and shape. If the dough is too elastic, it will spring back when you try to roll it, making it difficult to shape the croissants.

So, while it might be tempting to speed up the process, chilling the dough overnight is a step you don’t want to skip when making croissants.

Using Regular Sugar in a Croissant Recipe

The sugar in a croissant recipe plays several roles. It adds a subtle sweetness, promotes a beautifully browned exterior, and also serves as food for the yeast, encouraging it to ferment and help the dough rise. The type of sugar you use can make a difference in the final product.

Caster sugar is commonly used in baking due to its fine texture. It dissolves more easily and quickly than regular granulated sugar, leading to a smoother, more uniform texture in your baked goods. Using it in your croissant recipe helps ensure that the sugar is evenly distributed throughout the dough.

But what if you only have regular granulated sugar at hand? You can certainly use it as a substitute. The difference in granularity may slightly affect the texture of the dough, but it won’t make or break your recipe. Your croissants will still come out delicious and with a lovely golden-brown crust.

Storing and Freezing Homemade Croissants

Croissants are best eaten the day they are made, while they are still warm, flaky, and irresistibly buttery. However, if you have leftovers or want to prepare them in advance, you can certainly freeze them.

To freeze croissants, let them cool completely first. Then, wrap each croissant individually in aluminium foil or plastic wrap. Place the wrapped croissants in a freezer bag or airtight container, and then freeze. Properly stored, they should last for up to 2 months in the freezer.

When you’re ready to eat your frozen croissants, thaw them at room temperature for a few hours or overnight in the refrigerator. For that just-baked taste and texture, warm them in a preheated oven at 350°F for about 10 minutes, or until they are heated through and the exterior is crispy again.

Serving Suggestions for Homemade Croissants

Homemade croissants are versatile and can be served in numerous delightful ways. Their buttery, flaky texture and slight sweetness make them an ideal companion to both sweet and savoury fillings.

For breakfast or a snack, serve your warm croissants with butter and jam, or with a drizzle of honey. They also pair wonderfully with a cup of coffee or hot chocolate.

If you’re a cheese lover, try them with a slice of sharp cheddar or creamy brie. For a more substantial meal, croissants make fantastic sandwiches. Fill them with ham and cheese, or with chicken salad for a lunchtime treat.

Remember, there’s no single ‘right’ way to enjoy a croissant. Experiment with different combinations and find your personal favourite!

Using Non-Dairy Milk in Croissant Recipes

Making croissants is a labour of love and precision, but that doesn’t mean there isn’t room for customization, especially when it comes to accommodating dietary preferences or restrictions. If you’re looking to avoid dairy, you might be wondering whether you can substitute non-dairy milk in a croissant recipe.

From my experience, you can use non-dairy milk such as almond milk, soy milk, or oat milk as a direct substitute for regular milk in your croissant recipe. This type of non-dairy milk adds moisture to the dough and helps achieve the desired texture.

It’s important to note, however, that different types of milk can slightly alter the flavour and colour of the croissants.

For instance, almond milk might impart a subtle nutty flavour, while soy milk could make your croissants a tad darker due to its higher protein content. But overall, the changes are typically subtle and won’t drastically affect the outcome.

Secret to Making Flaky Croissants

Flaky croissants are the epitome of French pastry perfection. But what’s the secret to achieving those distinct, buttery layers? The answer lies in the technique of laminating the dough.

Laminating involves folding butter into the dough multiple times to create thin layers of butter and dough. As the croissants bake, the water in the butter turns to steam, puffing up the dough layers and creating the flaky texture we all love.

It’s a meticulous process, but the reward is a croissant with a crisp exterior and a soft, flaky interior.

The quality of the butter matters too. Using high-quality, unsalted butter gives the best flavour. It’s also important to keep everything cold. The butter should be cold when it’s incorporated into the dough, and the dough should be chilled between folds to keep the butter from melting prematurely.

Finally, patience is key. Rushing the process can result in less flaky croissants. But if you take your time and follow the steps, you’ll be rewarded with homemade croissants that are as flaky and delicious as any you’d find in a French bakery.

Fixing Homemade Croissants That Don’t Puff Up

There’s nothing quite as disheartening as spending hours making croissants, only to have them not puff up as they should. But don’t worry, this issue can usually be traced back to a few key factors.

Firstly, make sure the yeast you’re using is active. Dead or old yeast won’t produce the gas needed for the dough to rise and puff up. You can test your yeast by mixing it with some warm water and sugar. If it bubbles and froths after a few minutes, it’s good to go.

Secondly, consider the temperature. Yeast dough loves a warm environment for rising. If your kitchen is cold, it might slow down the yeast activity, resulting in croissants that don’t puff up.

Lastly, remember to give your dough enough time to rise. Under-proofed dough won’t have developed enough gas to create the desired puffiness. While it can be tempting to speed up the process, patience is key here.

By paying attention to these factors, you’ll be on your way to baking perfectly puffy, golden-brown croissants that are sure to impress.

Check Out These Other Recipes

Speaking of delicious and fluffy pastries, if you loved making these Croissants, you’re in for a treat with some of my other baking favourites. I absolutely can’t get enough of these recipes and I’m certain you’ll feel the same way.

First up are my mouth-watering Cinnamon Rolls. They’re everything you’d want from a baked good – soft, sweet, with a delightful punch of cinnamon. Biting into one is like wrapping yourself in a warm, sugary blanket. They’re perfect for breakfast, dessert, or a special treat to enjoy with a hot cup of coffee.

Moving on, we have the Chocolate Doughnuts. A real treat for those of you who have a sweet tooth. Baked not fried, they are soft, fluffy and intensely chocolatey.

The glaze on top is the cherry on the cake, or should I say, the icing on the doughnut! They’re wonderful for breakfast or as an afternoon pick-me-up snack.

And then, there’s the Blueberry Cheesecake. This one is creamy, tangy, and brimming with fresh blueberries. The crunchy biscuit base gives it a lovely texture contrast, making each bite an exciting experience.

Our Cherry Cobbler is another star recipe. Imagine the taste of sweet, ripe cherries encased in a crispy, buttery topping. It’s a dance of flavours that makes this dish a perfect end to a meal or a cosy mid-afternoon snack.

Last but not least, I can’t forget to mention the Cupcake. It’s a simple yet delightful recipe. Light, fluffy and wonderfully versatile. Add your favourite frosting on top, and you have yourself a personalized treat that is guaranteed to impress.

I promise, these recipes won’t disappoint. So grab your apron and let’s get baking! I’d love to hear your experiences, ideas, and thoughts in the comments below.



by Nabeela Kauser
These French croissants with distinct flaky and buttery layers are ideal for breakfast or a teatime snack. Anyone can create these delectable handmade croissants at home with a little practice and patience.
5 from 2 votes
Prep Time 40 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 1 hour
Course Breakfast, Snack
Cuisine French
Servings 16
Calories 138 kcal


  • 500 g White Flour Strong
  • 10 g Salt
  • 60 g Caster Sugar
  • 10 g Instant Yeast
  • 150 ml Milk Warm
  • 150 ml Water Warm
  • 250 g Unsalted Butter Cold
  • 1 Egg Beaten with pinch of salt


  • Combine the flour, salt, sugar, and instant yeast in a large mixing bowl and mix thoroughly.
  • Pour in the warm milk and warm water, and stir until a dough forms.
  • Knead the dough on a floured surface for 10-15 minutes, until it becomes smooth and elastic.
  • Place the dough in a lightly oiled bowl, cover with a damp cloth, and leave to rise in a warm place for about 1 hour, or until it doubles in size.
  • Roll out the dough on a floured surface into a large rectangle once it has risen.
  • Thinly slice the cold butter and place it in the centre of the dough.
  • Fold the dough over the butter to completely enclose it.
  • Roll out the dough into a long rectangle, then fold it into thirds like a letter. Repeat this step twice more to create layers in the dough and give the croissants their flaky texture.
  • Wrap the dough in cling film and chill it in the fridge for at least 6 hours or preferably overnight.
  • Preheat the oven to 200°C/400°F.
  • Roll out the chilled dough on a floured surface to a thickness of about 5mm.
  • Cut the dough into triangles and roll each triangle up tightly from the wide end to the pointed end.
  • Place the croissants on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
  • Brush the beaten egg over the croissants.
  • Bake the croissants in the preheated oven for 15-20 minutes or until they turn golden brown and puff up.
  • Serve warm with butter and jam.


Nutritional facts:
The provision of nutritional information is done so merely as a courtesy and should not be taken as a guarantee.


Calories: 138kcalCarbohydrates: 4gProtein: 1gFat: 13gSaturated Fat: 8gTrans Fat: 1gCholesterol: 45mgSodium: 252mgPotassium: 28mgFibre: 0.2gSugar: 4gVitamin A: 421IUVitamin C: 0.002mgVitamin D: 0.4µgCalcium: 18mgIron: 0.1mg
Keyword Baking, Coffee, Dessert, Food, Recipe, Snack, Tea
Tried this recipe?Mention @CookwithNabeela or tag #CookwithNabeela!



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Cook with Nabeela

Hi, I'm Nabeela!

I love to cook! I want to share with you my favourite, delicious family-friendly recipes. I want to inspire you to create fantastic food for your family every day.

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